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Common Name: Persian Parrotia      Latin Name: Parrotia persica      Size: 20 (min) to 40 (max)
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Plant Facts
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PlantPlaces.com QR Code Persian Parrotia
Parrotia persica
Origin: Iran
Maximum Height: 40 feet

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Category: Tree
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Genus: Parrotia
species: persica
Origin: Iran
Size: 20 (min) to 40 (max)
Size Description: Med Tree
Notes:
PlantPlaces.com Plant of the Week: November 18, 2012, 2012
Parrotia persica – Persian Parrotia

Persian Parrotia is a small tree that is either a multiple stemmed shrub-like form or a single trunk tree. Parrotia is a fairly obscure plant in the greater Cincinnati Region. This week however it stood out in the landscape going into a yellow to orange fall color this late in the season.

Parrotia comes from Iran in the Alborz Mountains as well as the Caucasus Mountains in Northern Iran. This is where the common name Persian Parrotia or Persian Ironwood comes from. It was brought into the United States by the Arnold Arboretum in 1881. This is the oldest known specimen in the United States. Other large specimens are located at the Biltmore Estate in North Carolina and at the Maymont Estate in Richmond, Virginia.

This is the season that Parrotia is at its best. The fall color is always beautiful. Fall color seems to vary from the yellow to orange that is most common, to the brilliant red that I have seen on some specimens. The bark is mottled with almost patch like bark similar to Pinus bungeana or Lacebark Pine. This becomes more pronounced with age. The flowers are not showy from a distance. Flowers are similar to that of Whitchazel only slightly tighter and crimson red in color. Parrotia is in the Hamamelidaceae family which is also home to plants like Fothergilla and Whitchazel. The leaves look very similar to whitchazel but are much glossier than any of the others in the genus.

What has impressed me about Parrotia is how shade tolerant it seems to be. It doesn’t mind being in the understory of large trees. It seems to prefer a moist well drained soil for best growth but can take normal garden soils in our area. It also seems to do well out in the full sun. In the greater Cincinnati region there are a few specimens of Parrotia at local gardens. Rowe arboretum has a nice specimen as well as several nice specimens at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden. Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum also has at least half dozen specimens in the lower half of the grounds. The Krohn Conservatory has a beautiful specimen between where you park in the back of the conservatory and the conservatory itself. Look for the patchy bark next time you visit Krohn.

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This plant is on the recommended list of: Ron Rothhaas Scott Beuerline Kris Barton Andrew Bear
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Colors
Colors Sampled from This PlantPlants with Similar ColorsColor Description
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    See other plants with this colorFall Color
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Bloom history: (Recorded in Cincinnati, Ohio, unless otherwise noted)2/13/2017 until 3/26/2017 See other plants that bloom at this time.
3/6/2011 until 3/25/2011 See other plants that bloom at this time.
3/10/0 until 0/0/0 See other plants that bloom at this time.
3/16/2013 until 4/9/ 39.16397922 -84.52468687See other plants that bloom at this time.
Plant Images and Specimens
Picture of
Winter Form
Location: The Indian Hill Church, Drake Rd.
Age: Old
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Winter
Picture of
Trunk/Bark Detail
Location: The Indian Hill Church, Drake Rd.
Age: Old
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Winter
Picture of
Characteristic Exfoliating Bark
Location: Mt. Airy Arboretum, Cincinnati
Age: Medium
Planted By: Cincinnati Parks
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Summer
Picture of
Foliage
Location: Mt. Airy Arboretum, Cincinnati
Age: Medium
Planted By: Cincinnati Parks
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Summer
Picture of
Fall Foliage
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Fall
Picture of
Flowers
Location: Rowe Arboretum
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Late Winter
Picture of
Summer Form
Location: Greenfield Plant Farm, Anderson Twp., Cincinnati
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Summer
Picture of
Summer Form
Location: Dawes Arboretum, Newark, Ohio
Photo Credit: R. Scott Beuerlein
Season: Summer
Picture of
Location: Spring Grove Rose Garden
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: Fall
Picture of
Photo Credit: steve foltz
Season: fall
Picture of
Location: Maymont Estate Richmond VA
Photo Credit: John Swintosky
Season: Fall
Picture of
Location: Maymont Estate Richmond VA
Photo Credit: John Swintosky
Season: Fall
Location: Holden Arboretum 9500 Sperry Road Kirtland OH
Specimen: 446
Parrotia persica Parrotiapersicafoliage.JPG
Foliage
Location: Holden Arboretum
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz

Parrotia persica Parrotiapersicatrunk.JPG
Trunk detail
Location: Holden Arboretum
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz

Location: Spring Grove Cemetery 4521 Spring Grove Ave Cincinnati OH 45232
Specimen: 479
Parrotia persica Parrotia.persica.fc.sg19.JPG
Tree in fall color
Location: Spring Grove Cemetery
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: Oct 29
Parrotia persica Parrotia.leaves.fc.JPG
Foliage in fall color
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: Oct 29
Location: Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest Po box 130 Clermont KY 40110
Specimen: 656
Parrotia persica Parrotiapersica.JPG
Winter form
Location: Bernheim Arboretum
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: March 8
Parrotia persica Parrotiapersicabloom.JPG
Bloom
Location: Bernheim Arboretum
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: March 8
Parrotia persica Parrotiapersicatrunkform.JPG
Trunk detail
Location: Bernheim Arboretum
Photo Credit: Steve Foltz
Season: March
Location: Spring Grove Cemetery 4521 Spring Grove Ave Cincinnati OH 45232
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 39.169651240000000 Longitude: -84.525155580000000] Specimen: 2808
Location: Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens 3400 Vine Street Cincinnati OH 45220
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 35.496757620000000 Longitude: -82.609090100000000] Specimen: 3029
Location: Riverbanks Zoo and Garden 500 Wildlife Parkway Columbia SC 29210
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 34.007945540000000 Longitude: -81.079984000000000] Specimen: 3075
Location: Gabriel's Place 3816 Reading Road Avondale OH
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 39.148398640000000 Longitude: -84.487957890000000] Specimen: 3169
Location: Spring Grove Ave. between Beech and Vine 5304 Spring Grove Avenue Cincinnati OH
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 0.000000000000000 Longitude: 0.000000000000000] Specimen: 3233
Location: Fletcher Moss Botanic Garden Fletcher Moss Manchester UK
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 53.410613766666700 Longitude: -2.232310850000000] Specimen: 3436
Parrotia persica ManPerrotiaPersica.JPG
Persian Perrota at Fletcher Moss
Location: Fletcher Moss Botanic Garden, Manchester, United Kingdom
Photo Credit: Brandan Jones
Season: August, 2013
Location: Birmingham (UK) Botanic Gardens Westbourne Road Birmingham B15 3TR
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 52.466076183333300 Longitude: -1.929336833333330] Specimen: 3465
Location: Birmingham (UK) Botanic Gardens Westbourne Road Birmingham B15 3TR
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 52.466624933539000 Longitude: -1.931119391448490] Specimen: 3549
Parrotia persica BhxParrotiaPersica2.JPG
Parrotia persica
Location: Birmingham, UK
Photo Credit: Brandan Jones
Season: August 2013
Parrotia persica BhxParrotiaPersica3.JPG
Parrotia persica
Location: Birmingham, UK
Photo Credit: Brandan Jones
Season: August 2013
Parrotia persica BhxParrotiaPesica.JPG
Parrotia persica
Location: Birmingham, UK
Photo Credit: Brandan Jones
Season: August 2013
Location: Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens 3400 Vine Street Cincinnati OH 45220
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 39.142279540000000 Longitude: -84.507928860000000] Specimen: 3712
Location: Zurich Old Botanical Garden Talstrasse, 8001 Z?rich, Switzerland
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 47.370768330000000 Longitude: 8.533150310000000] Specimen: 5894
Parrotia persica plantplacesimage20141121_133358.jpg
Location: zurich old bot garden

Location: Oxford England
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 51.750955550000000 Longitude: -1.247168960000000] Specimen: 7839
Parrotia persica plantplacesimage20150705_155556.jpg
Location: Oxford England

Location: Bailiwick of Jersey UK, Botanic Gardens
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 49.174759600000000 Longitude: -2.077552320000000] Specimen: 8902
Parrotia persica plantplacesimage20161016_121244.jpg
October 2016
Location: Bailiwick of Jersey (UK), Botanic Gardens

Parrotia persica plantplacesimage20161016_121307.jpg
October 2016
Location: Bailiwick of Jersey (UK), Botanic Gardens

Location: Beijing
GPS location of this plant [Latitude: 39.995720670000000 Longitude: 116.203970170000000] Specimen: 11036
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